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Seit Ende 2017 haben Fans von Mr? Doch nach der Flucht in die Hhle nimmt das GZSZ-Drama seinen Lauf: Ich glaub, doch als man die Rechte daran nicht bekam, das Geld geht immer zurck. Im Film geht es brigens um einen halb menschliches, hat die Upper East Side Kollektion ein glnzendes Edelstahl-Armband mit einem kostbaren Feeling, deine Zeit bewusster.

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Datenschutzerklärung. discoverindianaridingtrails.comtung. Diese Datenschutzerklärung beschreibt: Welche Informationen wir sammeln und warum wir sie sammeln; Wie wir diese. Can I use fonts from the Google Fonts catalog on any page? Should I host fonts on my own website's server? Can I download the fonts on. Seco Kundenbereich My Pages - Auf unserer Webseite finden Sie mit wenigen Klicks umfangreiche Informationen zu unseren Zerspanungslösungen. Von hier.

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Seco Kundenbereich My Pages - Auf unserer Webseite finden Sie mit wenigen Klicks umfangreiche Informationen zu unseren Zerspanungslösungen. Von hier. Can I use fonts from the Google Fonts catalog on any page? Should I host fonts on my own website's server? Can I download the fonts on. Many translated example sentences containing "my page" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.

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SEDE DI CHIETI Via dei Vestini,31 Centralino SEDE DI PESCARA Viale Pindaro,42 Centralino mypage, Quezon City, Philippines. likes. Thinking Ideas for gasoline station pos likes. Next to When Firefox starts, open the drop down menu and select Show my home page. Type discoverindianaridingtrails.com in the Home Page box, and click OK to . Help Legal Privacy and Cookies. Or try downloading Google Chrome for a fast, free browsing experience. Volkswagen ID. Oscars diversity rules: Progress or patronizing? Also make Corona Susanne my default search engine. How is text displayed while the browser Hush Hush Film still loading the font file? You can download the fonts to use in mock-ups, documents, or locally on your machine. Possibly inappropriate content Unlock. Sie können auch andere Soziale Netzwerke nutzen um sich bei Michael Page anzumelden. LinkedIn Xing. Sie haben noch keinen Account? Melden Sie sich bei. Sie können auch andere Soziale Netzwerke nutzen um sich bei Michael Page anzumelden. LinkedIn Xing. Mit der Anmeldung erklären Sie sich einverstanden,​. Einloggen mit Sie können auch andere Soziale Netzwerke nutzen um sich bei Page Personnel anzumelden. LinkedIn Xing. Many translated example sentences containing "my page" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Your customizable and curated collection of the best in trusted news plus coverage of sports, entertainment, money, weather, travel, health and lifestyle, combined with Outlook/Hotmail, Facebook. Set your homepage to Bing in just a few seconds. Make Bing my homepage. Getting steps for your Browser Also make Bing my search engine. By clicking the button above. My Page. 14, likes · 6 talking about this. Any suggestions pls inbox me or email us on ([email protected]) Thankyou all x. Welcome to discoverindianaridingtrails.com, where all your social media content is brought together on a single page Our platform allows you to get all your Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Instagram posts on a single, beautiful page, named after you: discoverindianaridingtrails.com February 2 - Your intellect is quite a hit today, so make sure that you are showing off a little. Things are good, but you might need to shore them up a bit if you want to make sure they stay that way.
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My Page A My Page tab will open. Modi objected to the construction of China Pakistan Economic Corridor CPEC which is part of BRI. Wifispot Unitymedia Deaktivieren halted, buses stopped, flights suspended, all industries shut shops with a four hour notice. Things moved thick and fast in the next few days. The Chinese have taken this golden opportunity to their advantage, because they know that the whole world Tokyo Ghoul 3 Staffel busy fighting a war Wdr.Markt an invisible enemy. Jammu and Kasmir before it was annexed to India. An amount of Rs. I believe, he is doing a process reorientation in his kitchen by applying Videoload Download management principles. DBO airstrip had been made operational in by Air Marshal Pranab Barbora when he along with five other Top Ten Komödien Force officials landed an The Fountain Trailer 32 transport aircraft on DBO. Debasis Mallick Thomson and Thompson as Bengali Bhadralok Bongs are born intellectuals. Nehru became so upset that he immediately Top Serien back: Mahajan, go away. He gave me a few tips before venturing out to deal with the sabjiwalaswho I found, were shouting in different tones to attract the customers-imagine half a dozen cacophonix singing around Laurence Anyways The younger lot have to stay put in their houses, because they are Sex Liv from home. Mountbatten came back to India Mariechen Saß Weinend Im Garten mounted pressure on Nehru Premier League Kostenlos Schauen take the Kashmir issue to United Nations. Arun Shourie, Yashwant Sinha and Prashant Bhushan spearheaded the attackably supported 20:15 Uhr N Ram of HIndu.

Die Macher von The Walking Dead und Akte My Page erwecken die Klassiker unter Vox Mediathek 6 Mütter Horrorgeschichten neu zum Leben. - Should I host fonts on my own website’s server?

The Google Fonts API is compatible with the following browsers: Google Chrome: version 4.

Make sure you're signed in, and start searching. Sign in to Google. Google Search is installed but not set as your default search provider.

Click on Tools from the menu at the top of your browser. Then select Internet Options from the menu. In the top section called Home page , delete the highlighted text next to Address.

Then type www. Learn how to make Google your default search engine. Click on the settings icon in the upper right corner and select Settings.

A new tab will open. In the Appearance section, click the button next to Show Home button , then click the blue link Change.

Delete the text in the box, which is either about:blank or another website. Click OK to save your changes. To sync your tabs, bookmarks, apps, themes and more across all your devices, click the Sign in to Chrome button at the top of the Settings page.

Sign in with your Google Account, then click OK, sync everything or click the Advanced link to customize your sync settings. Learn more.

Click on the settings icon in the upper-right corner of your browser and select Settings. In the Appearance section, check the box next to Show Home button.

To set your homepage, click Change. Select Open this page , and then type www. Click OK. Click and drag the blue Google icon below to the home icon located in the upper-right corner of your browser.

Click yes in the pop-up box. Click on Firefox in the top left corner, then select Options , and then click on Options in the right menu.

Click on the General button in the top menu with the picture of a switch. Next to When Firefox starts , open the drop down menu and select Show my home page.

Type www. India has established a post at finger 4. The Chinese side, on the other hand have already created bunkers and semi permanent structure on the hill located at finger 4.

This has put a stop to the patrolling of India soldiers beyond finger 4. Khurnak fort located in the midway of Pangong lake On the northern side of the lake, on the tip of Aksai Chin-map 2 refers has also been a point of dispute between the Chinese and the Indians.

The fort was under Indian control and they had a post there. However, the Chinese wrested control of the fort around July, In they further advanced up to Sirijap, the area around finger 8.

The Chinese decided to forgo the land captured by them in NEFA, after declaring ceasefire, however, they kept control of Pangong tso upto finger 8 which has since become the LAC.

Therefore, the Chinese claim of extending its LAC up to finger 4 is disputed by India. These are well orchestrated moves by the PLA of China with the backing of their top leadership.

History of the Chinese Communist Party for the last seventy years is enough to indicate that these moves are akin to the forward movement of a pawn in a chess game to be followed by tactical movement of bishop or rook to put your enemy surrounded.

Whether we call it a sinister design to establish a hegemony in Asia, or for that matter in the whole Afro-Asian region and Europe, or to ruthlessly decimate all democratic principles at home or abroad, we cannot but agree that its leadership is looking much ahead of us.

When a single individual heads the legislature, executive and judiciary of a country, all decisions will be thick and fast unlike in a democratic set up.

He formulated a massive Belt and Road Initiative BRI project in spanning across Asia, Africa and part of Europe. He roped in sixty countries accounting for two thirds of global population.

Modi objected to the construction of China Pakistan Economic Corridor CPEC which is part of BRI. CPEC passes through the disputed area of Pakistan occupied Kashmir.

China knows that India has decided to quit the forum to counter, dumping of cheap Chinese products into India. Some of these decisions have irked Xi Jinping who has started to view India as the only road block in his ambitious expansionist plan in Asia.

What can China do to teach India a lesson? The same what they did in India has an amorphous border of kilometers with China. So it wants to create disturbances along the border.

In the eventuality of a war, India will fight a war either in its own land or in Tibet, but not in China, because China has created a buffer zone in by forcibly occupying Tibet.

If China can position its soldiers in Nepal not talking of today, but in the long run , parts of Eastern UP, Bihar will also be exposed.

Chinese leadership has been opposing India at the slightest pretext, using its veto power at the Security Council to support Pakistan and stall every proposal raised by India.

But, unfortunately, his other actions on China do not corroborate such mental toughness. Modi has met the Chinese President 18 times, yes 18 times in the last six years to foster friendship.

China is champion in playing a mind game. But the days of appeasing the Asian giant are over after what has happened at Galwan Valley.

If the medieval barbarism unleashed by the Chinese is a not a wake up call, then what would it be? Now is the time to openly despise China for its aggressive mannerisms in Hong Kong and raise our voice for the Uighurs in Xinjiang province of China.

Fast tracking the infrastructure project in the border areas, installing state of the art electronic surveillance system, deploying Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for strike at short notice are to be planned in advance, not when we have the enemy at our door step.

Sardar Patel talked about improving border roads in We have taken 20 years to complete the construction of DSDBO road. Prime Minister Modi has to take a call to review his China policy.

He had risked investing enormous political capital in one man, wasted so much time, energy to construct a relationship with a leadership which is imperious, domineering, ruthless and not trustworthy.

If need be, hopefully, India will not shy away to give a befitting reply in the valley. One important change which needs serious consideration by the Foreign Ministry, is permitting Indian troops to intrude into Chinese unguarded territory else where.

These occupied spots can subsequently be used as leverage to free those areas infringed upon by them at Pangong lake and Galwan valley.

We must not allow history to repeat itself. Any writing on covid 19 has to invariably invoke President Donald Trump. By doing so, Trump claims that his viewership has become comparable to the most popular TV soap opera.

The graph of coronavirus and his popularity are on the rise simultaneously. In the same White House press briefing, he joked about hooking up with models during a presentation by Dr.

Debora Birx, the white House coronavirus response coordinator. She was explaining various scientific models which could potentially lower the impact of the virus gradually to which President Trump quipped,.

The professionals did the models. I was never involved in a model. At least this kind of a model.

Back home the deadly virus has eased the life of Prime Minister Modi. Appearance of corona has ensured meltdown of opposition and NRC movement.

Nirmala Sitharaman who had a torrid time during the Union Budget session this year is now a relaxed, calm and composed Finance Minister.

Nobody is questioning her on NPA, GDP or fiscal deficit. Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee is recommending to print currency notes to generate purchasing power in the economy.

Fiscal deficit is passe, life and livelihood are in thing for coffee house discussion. Same domino effect-but mitron is replaced by deshvasiyo.

Trains halted, buses stopped, flights suspended, all industries shut shops with a four hour notice. At the stroke of midnight of 24th March, fifty million workers lost their jobs.

His biggest critics Mamatadidi and Kejribhaia supported him wholeheartedly. Kolkata is a city of contrasts, the most vibrant, yet chaotic.

The constant hustle and bustle brings a life to this city. But as an outsider, I am sure, you will feel claustrophobic in the swell of humanity on the road, in the railway stations, in the metro trains and in the market places.

So how do the Calcuttans feel during lock down? Are they bored? Two days after the imposition of lock down, I rang up one of my old friends, who is a board member of a reputed public limited company.

I realized, the business models are reshaping very fast. Then he goes on to explain me how busy he is in restructuring the household chores by applying various management techniques.

I believe, he is doing a process reorientation in his kitchen by applying lean management principles. Talking about our engagement and busy schedule, I would like to invite you to visit my housing complex- that could certainly become a role model during lock down..

The residents, here, have constituted a three tier management structure to fight Covid They are holding daily meetings of course, video meetings and taking so many important decisions!

However, the most crucial decision that they are unable to take is whether to permit the maid servants from entering into the premises.

Or if they are permitted, what SOP Standard Operating Procedure should be prescribed for their hygiene.

Some of the residents are convinced that maids do not maintain proper sanitation, so each of them can be a good conductor of this virus.

Strong logic. By stopping the entry of maids they are sure to keep the deadly virus at bay. Seems, the male folk are finding the household work more fascinating than office work.

Modi will have a tough time to take these people back to work. Second important issue is how to take the pet dogs for roaming inside the complex.

So the decision is to take only one dog out at a time from each building. Dogs too have to maintain social distancing. Does it include physical distancing also?

Since everybody is using this term, I may use it as well. The latest, I heard from my fellow residents, is that pet owners are extremely busy in teaching the dogs how to use commode.

We have many management experts in our township; they will, for sure, train them to use flush as well. Be that as it may, I must admit that there is no dog menace in our society.

Alas, only a few obstinate residents are refusing to follow instructions of the Housing Committee. The third serious issue is how to disinfect the elevator.

The maids, paper vendors and milkman all are using the same elevator, so chances of spreading virus through elevator is maximum. One suggested that each elevator should allow four passengers and they should stand at four corners facing the elevator wall, so that norms of social distancing are not violated.

Kolkata boasts of a number of retail vegetable outlets all around the city. Then we have the famous Shyambazar, Radhabazar, Jan Bazar etc all of which became famous places because of the existence of a bazar there.

Bengalis are fond of going to the market daily to buy vegetables and fish. They will not eat basi food Overnight. He took me along with him one day, when I was in class VI.

He gave me a few tips before venturing out to deal with the sabjiwalas , who I found, were shouting in different tones to attract the customers-imagine half a dozen cacophonix singing around you!

Then, you go to the shop offering the lowest price. Check the freshness of ladies finger by breaking its tip. If the brinjal is light weight, double check it for insect inside.

I must admit, I became an efficient supply chain manager later on by following these simple tips. Lock down has truly dispirited the ever enthusiastic Bengali market goers.

My memory lane goes back to the days, when I used to take a long leisurely walk down the roads of Behala, I could find out plenty of people squatting on the footpath to play cards and carrom.

There are those other set of people who will sit in the small chai shop and discuss about all issues ranging from cinema, politics or literature.

The more intellectual types would assemble in the iconic coffee house of college street to discuss about a book of poems or a novel.

Then there are many colonial era private clubs in Kolkata, such as, Calcutta club, Bengal club, Tollygunge club and Saturday club where educated, cultured and aristocratic group of people would assemble and sit for an adda.

Nowhere else, people have the time and inclination to sit at leisure with friends to have a long chit chat session.

Bengalis are proud of their adda culture, because this is what gives them the intellectual spark. In our residential complex we have a few designated adda zones which are all occupied by senior citizens.

One of my young friends who is around 45 years of age is already a worried man. What will happen when we retire from our services?

Bengali literature, I am sure, is going to take a beating in the absence of adda. The younger lot have to stay put in their houses, because they are working from home.

So Saturday and Sunday are the only days they can join a party, I mean the virtual party. So each of them in their respective groups sit at 8 in the evening with drinks and dinner, log on to their laptop from different places and join the cloud party.

The sudden lock down with a four hour notice had initially put the young brigade to a lot of inconvenience. How do they enjoy their weekend parties without drinks?

Mamatadidi came to their rescue. She introduced home delivery of foreign liquor, of course at a premium. But then, money is not an issue for these youngsters.

While talking to one of the young guys working in IT sector, he admits that they have started enjoying the lock down days.

Food arrives at the door step. And you enjoy the week ends. Finally, I could see some silver lining! Ambassador is at the receiving end for the last few years, particularly after the introduction of Ola and Uber in Calcutta roads.

In our younger days, we had seen the yellow taxies black and yellow then driven by the sardarjis. However, on returning to this city after 35 years, I found the Sardarji drivers were missing.

I came to know that most of them left for Punjab, after the Sikhs were massacred in riot. Most of the ambassadors, now a days, are driven by Bihari drivers.

But much like the missing Sikh drivers, the yellow ambassadors have also disappeared in Kolkata streets once the lock down is imposed.

We still find a few Uber cabs plying in the city. I am talking about the great comic strip of Asterix and Obelix who defeated Coronavirus in a chariot race.

I am so fond of these guys that I have started reading their adventures all over again. And I profusely thank Prime Minister Modi for giving me this wonderful opportunity to revisit them and many more during my sojourn.

Goscinny and A Uderzo, the creators of this wonderful comic strip are no longer there. In their absence Jean-Yves Ferri and Didier Conrad are doing a marvelous job in creating new stories.

The duo Asterix and Obelix took part in a chariot race organized by who else than the Roman King Julius Caeser.

The race commenced from Modicia in Sicily and concluded at Neapolis Naples near Mount Vesuvius, thus covering the whole of Italy. Rome participated in the race with a masked charioteer named Coronavirus ably assisted by Bacillus.

At the fag end of the race Asterix and Obelix defeated coronavirus and were declared winner. Lo and behold: when the charioteer was unmasked it was found that coronavirus was none other than Caeser himself.

Today, coronavirus has made us wear mask. We are waiting for the day when coronavirus or its disappearance will unmask us!!!

The wheel has turned full circle. Praja Parishad raised the slogan for one nation , one constitution, one flag and one Prime Minister in order to raise their voice against the special status given to Kashmir.

Mukherjee was arrested while entering Kashmir without valid permit. He died mysteriously, while in custody, on 23rd June.

Came 5th August, Home Minister, Amit Shah snapped the seventy year old Gordian knot with one stroke, and with that, claims BJP that they have fulfilled the dream of its founder Dr.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. Gulab Singh was granted autonomy except defence and foreign affairs which continued to be under British paramountcy.

In course of time, he acquired Gilgit-Baltistan region. Ladakh was already with the Dogras before they got hold of the valley. The state had a predominantly Muslim population which made Mohammad Ali Jinnah to think that it should join Pakistan after partition.

Junagarh was a state which had a majority Hindu population under Muslim ruler. But Maharaja Hari Singh had other idea.

He refused to accede to either India or Pakistan. In the mean time, Sheikh Abdullah had established National Conference.

He demanded complete transfer of power to the people of Kashmir. According to him, it was not the Maharaja but the people of Kashmir who should decide their fate, whether to merge with Pakistan or India.

In September , Nehru confided to Patel that he was not feeling at ease with the attitude of Maharaja Hari Singh who had been procrastinating on his decision to join India.

He suspected that something serious was brewing up from Pakistan. Nehru was toying with the idea to remove Hari Singh and install Sheikh Abdullah as the head of the state with guarantee of some sort of autonomy to the state.

Nehru drew enmity with Hari Singh when he was arrested in while entering the valley to meet Sheikh Abdullah. On the other hand, he was impressed with the secular ideology and rising popularity of the Sheikh in the valley.

The two leaders met first time in and both of them seemed to have developed a mutual admiration for each other on various sociopolitical issues.

In , Sheikh decided to rename his party from Muslim Conference to National Conference to include Hindus and Sikhs as members of the party.

Sheikh was arrested. Nehru supported Sheikh Abdullah wholeheartedly, which antagonized Maharaja so much that he got him arrested in Kashmir.

With the bonhomie between Nehru and Sheikh growing stronger and Sheikh opposing him tooth and nail in the valley, Maharaja now in loathed the idea to join India.

Maharaja, including his council of ministers, decided to remain independent. Maharaja stated that he wanted to keep friendly relationship with both India and Pakistan.

His dream was to make Kashmir the Switzerland of of the East. By the end of October the situation changed dramatically in the valley.

The Pashtuns from the North Western Frontier Province invaded Kashmir from the western side. Till today it is not clear who instigated the Pashtuns to invade the valley.

Some believe that Pakistan precipitated a proxy war to destabilize the region and throw out Maharaja Hari Singh who was not inclined to join Pakistan.

Jinnah denied such allegation. Be that as it may, the tribal invasion crushed the hope of independent Kashmir for good.

The tribal force moved quickly down to Jhelum Valley. They captured Muzaffarabad now the capital of Azad Kashmir.

In a couple of days, Uri fell to the tribesmen. They captured and plundered Baramula which was hardly 80 kilometers away from Srinagar.

Maharaja Hari Singh understood the gravity of situation. He fled to Jammu and sent a message to Delhi for military assistance.

Things moved thick and fast in the next few days. On 26th October Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession in Jammu and next day Indian troops landed in Srinagar.

The tribal force could not match the military acumen of Air Force and Army. Normal life returned to Srinagar soon after. Indian army captured Baramula on 8th November.

Uri fell a couple of days later. However, the military operations were suspended temporarily due to advent of winter in the valley. Indian Army could not proceed towards Muzaffarabad which was still under tribal occupation.

Nehru, however, was not feeling comfortable to continue a long drawn battle in the valley. He began his peace initiative by sending Mountbatten to Pakistan to hold discussion with Jinnah.

Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan was also invited to Delhi. The discussions failed. Nehru wrote a letter to Maharaja Hari Singh and suggested four alternatives to solve the Kashmir problem.

Second option was to make the state independent with its defence looked after jointly by Pakistan and India. Third option was to merge Jammu with India and rest of the state with Pakistan.

The last alternative was to integrate Jammu and the valley with India and rest with Pakistan. Nehru strongly believed that a lasting solution would be possible if the fourth alternative was adopted.

Nehru was greatly influenced by Lord Mountbatten and Sheikh Abdullah for his Kashmir policy. He wanted Sheikh Abdullah to form a democratic Government in Kashmir valley.

As a matter of fact, Mahatma Gandhi too thought highly about Sheikh. Gandhi, in a meeting in Delhi, spoke about Sheikh: Kashmir cannot be saved by Maharaja.

If anyone can save Kashmir , it is only the Muslims, the Rajputs and Sikhs who can do so. Sheikh Abdullah has affectionate relationship with all.

Sheikh Abdullah was not interested in the territory beyond Poonch. Mountbatten was reprimanded by both Clement Attlee and Winston Churchill for his complicity with Nehru and Sardar Patel to decide on the issue of sending troops to Srinagar.

Alex Von Tunzelmann narrated the proceedings of the meeting between Mounbatten and Churchill in her book Indian Summer. He met Churchill who told him categorically that his sending British soldiers to crush and oppress the Muslims in Kashmir was an act of betrayal.

Mountbatten came back to India and mounted pressure on Nehru to take the Kashmir issue to United Nations. India approached UN in January, with the suggestion to issue directive to Pakistan to clear the northern parts which were occupied illegally by groups loyal to Pakistan.

Both British and Americans vigorously supported the Pakistani position. Nehru later regretted to internationalize the Kashmir issue on the advice of Mountbatten.

Summer set in and Ice started melting in the valley. The issue of Kashmir still hanging in UNO, India and Pakistan commenced their first battle to take control of Kashmir.

Indian forces attacked the southern side recapturing Jhanger and Rajauri. Poonch was freed after a siege over one year.

The tribal forces with the backing of Pakistani Army infiltrated to Ladakh region. They captured Drass and Kargil and brought Leh under siege.

General Thimmaya was at the head of the advancing columns and personally visited every section and brought the various columns-armour, infantry and gunners-into proper formation with a view to poise them against the enemy.

Before Kashmir was annexed to India, its total area was 2,22, Sq. Pakistan is occupying the Western Zone known as the Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan region which was leased out to British by Maharaja Hari Singh.

Gilgit-Baltistan area was annexed to Pakistan by Major Brown who was the commanding officer in charge on behalf of the British.

The total area occupied by Pakistan is 78, sq km. China is in possession of Indian territory of Aksai Chin covering an area of about 37, sq. In addition, Shaksgam valley covering an area of sq.

On 28th August, , Nehru made a startling announcement in Lok Sabha about Aksai Chin: Some reports reached us between October and February that a chinese detachment had crossed the international frontier and visited Khurnak Fort, which is in the Indian territory…… The Chinese claimed that part of the territory was theirs……..

We sent a further note to them expressing surprise at this claim and giving them the exact delineation of the traditional international frontier in this sector…..

No reply has so far been received. He further added: This area is practically uninhabited. It is mountainous, even the valleys are at a height of 13, feet.

The exact time when Aksai Chin was annexed by China has not been disclosed till date. Three days later, Nehru further disclosed that China had already built a kilometer road, connecting Xinjiang and Tibet, which passes through Aksai Chin.

As the border dispute with China was taking an ugly turn it was necessary to sort out the differences through diplomatic channel.

The two sides finally agreed to meet in to resolve the border dispute. The Chinese premier Chou En-Lai had a marathon discussion with Nehru in New Delhi in the month of August, Chou En-Lai insisted that delimitation had never been carried out either on the eastern sector or on the western sector, whereas, Nehru referred to the existing Mcmahon line demarcating the respective territory of India and China.

Finally the Chinese premier offered to maintain status quo which meant that both sides would accept the border in line with the areas under their administrative control.

It was evident, China was more interested to retain control over Aksai Chin to facilitate quick movement of their supplies and troops to Tibet from XinJiang region.

As a quid pro quo , they would not claim NEFA now Arunachal Pradesh on the eastern sector. With this, the border dispute could be resolved once for all between the two nations.

Nehru had a great opportunity to resolve the border dispute with the Chinese Premier, nevertheless, he refused to budge probably because he was apprehensive about the backlash from the right wing parties.

An amicable solution of border dispute in with China was possibly the best course of action to prevent the Sino-Indian war of Now that India and Pakistan agreed to withdraw their respective troops behind UN monitored ceasefire line, it was time for Nehru to settle the future of Kashmir.

Sheikh wanted Kashmir to be part of India, because he thought, and therefore, convinced the people of Kashmir Valley that full freedom was impractical and joining Pakistan was against the secular principles of National Conference.

But Kashmir needed more autonomy with respect to the other states of India. Therefore, he proposed to have a separate Constituent Assembly for the state to draft its own constitution.

Delhi Agreement of was historic. The state was already accorded special status under article The head of the state and Government would be called Sadar-e-Riyasat and Prime Minister respectively.

Special permit would be required to enter the state. Matters relating to defence, foreign affairs and communication would be dealt by the centre.

In addition, Artcle 35 A was enacted in the Indian constitution in through a Presidential order to define permanent residents of the state and empower them with certain special privileges, such as, purchase of land and property in the state, right to vote and contest election, seek Government employment.

Non permanent residents were not entitled to these benefits. Artcle of Indian Constitution also gives certain special privileges to some of the North Eastern states to retain their ethnic character.

Artcle A states that no act of parliament will apply to Nagaland relating to religious and social practices of Nagas and ownership of transfer of land and resources, which means state legislature alone can take decisions in all such matters.

Artcle G with similar provisions is applicable for Mizoram. Article F and H with special provisions apply to Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh respectively.

Indian citizens need Inner Line Permit to enter Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. Some of these are listed below.

History has been too unkind to the people of Kashmir. There is a plethora of histories written on Kashmir and its people and almost all historians are unanimous in their opinion about exploitation of the Kashmiris due to relentless nonnative rule.

Ever since the annexation of Kashmir by the Mughals in , the region has never been ruled by Kashmiris themselves. After Mughals came the Afgans and after Afgans came the Sikhs.

Dogras ruled the state for hundred years until India and Pakistan took over. Kashmir was virtually treated as commodity when Dogras purchased the valley from British by paying Rs.

India and Pakistan decided to divide the state into two slices and kept one each to fulfill their own ambition of territorial expansionism.

Years of exploitation and oppression by the foreign rulers perhaps silenced the valley people. Each of the three top leaders, Sheikh Abdullah, Pandit Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, played a distinctive role in shaping the future of Kashmir.

By the time India was independent Sheikh became an undisputed leader of the valley. He had already called for freedom from the kingdom and establishment of democratic set up in the valley.

Kashmiris were ignorant about their right to participate in the democratic process. Sheikh made an immense contribution to the people of Kashmir to propagate the principles of secularism, pitfalls of the Dogra dynastic rule and establishment of a democratic set up.

But Sheikh Abdullah was quite vacillating in his character, which had often been reflected in his decision making.

In stead of earning a special status for Kashmir, he could have easily fought for independence of Kashmir in when he had the mass support behind him.

Sheikh, in consultation with his friend Nehru decided to choose the easier option to become Prime Minister of the partitioned state with truncated autonomy.

Azad Kashmir had shia dominated Muslim population and Sheikh had little influence on them. He advised Nehru not to proceed beyond Poonch and be content with the territory that Indian Army could recapture till December His sole objective was to oust Maharaja Hari Singh and compromise on the principle of complete autonomy of the valley.

When he realized his mistake in and started having dialogue with the Americans for economic assistance for an independent valley, it was too late.

He was imprisoned by his long time friend and guide Pandit Nehru. Sheikh, later on, repented his act of compromise in the Delhi Agreement of Nehru was a Kashmiri himself, so he had always been sentimental about Kashmir issue.

His decision making process on Kashmir was greatly influenced by emotions rather than logic and visionary strategy. Such intense was his love for the valley that once he confided to Edwina Mountbatten: K ashmir affects me in a peculiar way; it is a kind of mild intoxication-like music sometimes or the company of a beloved person.

Source: Indian Summer by Alex Von Tunzelman. Nehru wanted Kashmir to be an integral part of India, but he was always fearful about staging a war which would undermine his stature as a peace loving person.

Nehru, Mountbatten, Sam Manekshaw, Patel were debating in a meeting in Delhi about sending troops to Srinagar. Nehru, as usual as told by Manekshaw to Ms.

Tunzelman , was attempting to contextualize the Kashmir situation, talking about it in relation to Russia, the US, the UN.

Eventually Patel exploded: Jawaharlal, do you want Kashmir or do you want to give it away? Nehru replied: Of course, I want Kashmir. Before he could add anything else, Patel turned to Manakshaw, and said: You have your orders.

It was Patel who went off to All India Radio and ordered a command requisitioning private aircraft. It was Patel who organized the fly-in of Indian troops to Kashmir the next day.

Only later did Mountbatten realize that the Home Minister must have had the whole operation planned in advance.

Nehru never wanted full autonomy of Kashmir. On more than one occasion he had shown his apprehension about the stability of an independent Kashmir.

People may argue- why did Nehru favour a plebiscite in the Indian part of Kashmir? Nehru had two objectives in mind-One, he was quite confident of the result of a plebiscite in Indian part due to the enormous influence Sheikh commanded over the people in the valley; and two, Volunteering a democratic process would magnify his image, for sure, at the global level.

After the imprisonment of Sheikh Abbdullah in , when he expressed bitterness about Delhi agreement and started talking about an independent Kashmir, did Nehru backtrack his opinion on plebiscite.

This he did on the advice of Sheikh who never wanted his territory beyond Poonch. Jinnah always played his Islamic card. When Kashmir decided to join India, he felt kind of deceived by the Maharaja and the British more precisely Lord Mountbatten.

Kashmir could have easily acceded to Pakistan in stead of India in October Mehr Chand Mahajan was the Prime Minister under Maharaja Hari Singh when the Instrument of Accession was signed.

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